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Coffee Coffea

How to sow coffee: Direct seed or seedling

Sun requirement for coffee: Plant in Partial Sun

Coffee has been planted 2 times by Growstuff members.

Coffea is a genus of evergreen flowering plants grown primarily for it's seeds, known as coffee beans. Two species dominate coffee production: Coffea arabica, which accounts for 75–80 percent of the world's coffee, and Coffea canephora, which makes up the remaining 20 percent. The coffee tree is a shrub or small tree native to tropical and southern Africa and tropical Asia. It thrives in wet, humid conditions and a temperature range of 18-23°C. It can survive in temperatures as low as 7°C, but will not bear fruit. Outside of this climate, coffee trees can be grown in containers and indoors and pruned to heights of 120cm. The coffee tree has dark green, glossy leaves. It will start to mature and bear fruit 3-4 years after being started from seed. Coffee is self-pollinating. It's white, fragrant flowers last for one month, and the fruit takes 6 months to fully develop and ripen from green to dark red. The fruit are known as "cherries" and have a thick, tough skin and sticky pulp that is sweet and tart. They are edible and high in antioxidants. Inside the berries are 1-2 seeds, the coffee beans. The caffeine in coffee's leaves, fruit, and beans is a defense mechanism to prevent insects and animals from eating the plant.

photo of crop

Predictions

Perennial

living more than two years

Height

350cm

Companions

ice cream bean

Photos

Coffee crops

Coffee plantings

DSC_6534
DSC_6534
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coffee plant
coffee plant
by shiny
IMG_20161030_180429
IMG_20161030_180429
by shiny
IMG_20170424_150351
IMG_20170424_150351
by shiny
20170506_152540
20170506_152540
by shiny
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Sunniness

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Planted from

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Harvested for

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Crop Map

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How to grow coffee

Scientific names

Coffea

Alternate names

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